Why Machine Translation Is No Good for Fiction (and Other Texts)
Have you just finished a killer novel and you want it to be read globally? Getting your work of fiction translated can be a lot more difficult than you think and machine translation is to blame.
If you search for translation services on freelance marketplace sites like Upwork and Fiverr, you’ll get tons of offers that sound amazing. You’ll find translators ready to do the work for as little as 2 cents per word and do it fast. Naturally, all of them promise manual translation because nobody is stupid to pay for someone to feed the text to Google Translate. Unfortunately, these promises often are just words and a lot of freelancers are after easy money. Let me share with you a client’s story.
Google Translate Instead of Quality Novel Translation
A couple of months ago, a Russian-speaking author contacted me and asked to proofread her translated fantasy novel because she was concerned by the number of negative reviews on Amazon. I asked her to send me the novel in Russian and the translated document so that I could compare the two. It took me less than five minutes to see that the translator she hired simply ran the work through Google and didn’t even bother to proofread it. When I enquired where the author found the translator, she said it was a top-rated translator from Upwork.
I can only guess how that freelancer got a high rating – perhaps it was for easy short translations. You know, things like birth certificates, letters, etc. It’s not a secret that Google Translate can help with those. The thing is, translating fiction is a completely different story and it has to be done manually by someone who’s not only a translator but also a writer. Let me explain why.
Why Machine Translation Doesn’t Work for Fiction
- You have to translate more than just words and often adapt the story to sound natural for native speakers of the other language. Life in different countries is, well, different even if the country shares a language. Look at life in the UK and the US, or in Canada and Australia. In my client’s novel, everything was based on how things function in Russia (even though the action took place in a made-up medieval country). So, I had to adapt the reality to be understood by an English-speaking audience. Let me tell you that wasn’t easy.
- Paragraph and sentence structure is different in different languages. For example, the way fiction is written in Russian is completely unlike we write fiction in English. Instead of being more linear and going from the main idea to details or vice versa, it resembles an accordion where the author introduces a thought, expands on it, goes back, introduces another thought, develops it, and so on. Sounds confusing? You bet it is for an English speaker! So, the translator has to restructure a lot to make the work of fiction flow and easy to read. I had to swap paragraphs and even whole pages for my Russian client.
- Tenses are a nightmare. The English language has 12 major verb tenses. Russian only has 3: no perfect tenses, no continuous tenses. In Russian, “I wash my hands” and “I’m washing my hands” sound exactly the same. Naturally, Google Translate never knows which action is meant and which tense to use. After all, it’s not a human being who can actually understand the text.
- Literal translation doesn’t work. Every language has thousands of idioms that fiction writers use frequently. Google and other tools recognize some idioms but most of them get mistranslated.
I could go on but I think you get the idea. Translation is not something that can be done by a machine yet, especially if we’re talking about fiction, creative writing, and even good copywriting (marketing copy sounds very different in different languages because it triggers natural responses from people with different life experiences and mentality).
The bottom line is that if you have a work of fiction you want to translate, hire someone who has experience doing that. Ask them to perform a test and then send the test to a native speaker reader. Only if the test gets approved, proceed with hiring the translator.
Instead of writing a conclusion, let me post an excerpt from Alexander Kuprin’s short story translated by Google. Enjoy reading!
The next day, Vera could not sit at home and went out to meet her husband on the street. She was still from afar, one by one alive and a little bouncing gait, found out that the history of the bushes ended safely … Indeed, Diamonds was covered in dust and could barely stand on his feet from fatigue and hunger, but his face shone with the triumph of a won victory .Alexander Kuprin, 1894
– Good! Perfectly! – He shouted for ten steps in response to the anxious expression of his wife’s face. – Imagine, we came with him to these bushes. He looked at them, looked, even tore off the leaf and chewed. “What is this tree?” – asks. I say: “I do not know your-stvo”. – “Birch, should be?” – He speaks. I answer: “It must be a birch, yours.” Then he turned to me and even extended his hand. “Sorry, he says, me, lieutenant. I must be beginning to grow old, if I forgot about these bushes.” Glorious he, professor, and such a clever. Right, I’m sorry I lied to him. One of the best professors here. Knowledge is simply monstrous. And the speed and accuracy in assessing the terrain is amazing!